China Sanctions Cruz, Rubio, Smith 07/13 06:29
China said Monday it will impose sanctions on three U.S. lawmakers and one
ambassador in response to similar actions taken by the U.S. last week against
Chinese officials over alleged human rights abuses against Muslims in the
BEIJING (AP) -- China said Monday it will impose sanctions on three U.S.
lawmakers and one ambassador in response to similar actions taken by the U.S.
last week against Chinese officials over alleged human rights abuses against
Muslims in the Xinjiang region.
U.S. Senators Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, Rep. Chris Smith and Ambassador for
Religious Freedom Sam Brownback were targeted, as was the
Congressional-Executive Commission on China. The four have been critical of the
ruling Communist Party's policies toward minority groups and people of faith.
Foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said the U.S. move had "seriously
damaged China-U.S. relations" and that China was determined to uphold its
national sovereignty against what it sees as interference in its internal
"China will respond further according to the development of the situation,"
She did not spell out the sanctions beyond saying they would correspond to
the American ones. The U.S. prohibited any property transactions by Americans
with four senior Chinese officials and barred three of them from entering the
There was no indication that any of the sanctioned Americans had plans to
travel to China.
The sanctioned Chinese officials include Chen Quanguo, who heads the
northwestern region of Xinjiang, where more than 1 million members of Muslim
minority groups have been incarcerated in what China terms de-radicalization
and retraining centers.
Critics have likened the camps to prisons to which inmates are sentenced
with little due process and where they are compelled to denounce their
religion, language and culture and pledge allegiance to the Communist Party and
its leader, Xi Jinping. An Associated Press investigation has also discovered
allegations that women in Xinjiang's predominantly native Uighur ethnic group
were forced to use birth control or undergo involuntary sterilizations.
Ties between China and the U.S. have deteriorated steadily over the
coronavirus pandemic, human rights, Beijing policy toward Hong Kong and trade.
The Trump administration has also slapped visa bans on Chinese officials deemed
responsible for barring foreigners' access to Tibet, along with those seen as
enforcing a clampdown on civil rights in Hong Kong.
Despite such moves, former national security adviser John Bolton has alleged
in a new book that Trump told Xi he was right to build detention camps in
Additional visa restrictions are being placed on other Communist Party
officials believed to be responsible for, or complicit in, the detention or
abuse of Uighurs, Kazakhs and members of other minority groups.
In addition to Chen, Xinjiang's party secretary and a member of the
national-level Politburo, the other sanctioned officials were Zhu Hailun, party
secretary of the Xinjiang political and legal committee; Wang Mingshan, party
secretary of the Xinjiang public security bureau; and Huo Liujun, a former top
official in the region's police force.
They and their immediate family members are banned from entering the United
China has sought to crush any hint of separatist tendencies among Uighurs,
which critics say amounts to a campaign of cultural genocide. Uighurs are
mostly Muslim and their Turkic language, Muslim religion and central Asian
culture make them distinct from China's Han majority.
While China says it is bringing prosperity and development to the vast,
resource-rich region, many among Xinjiang's native ethnic groups say they are
being denied economic options in favor of migrants from elsewhere in China.
Last December, Xinjiang authorities announced that the camps had closed and
all the detainees had "graduated," a claim difficult to corroborate
independently given tight surveillance and restrictions on reporting in the
region. Some Uighurs and Kazakhs have told the AP that their relatives have
been released, but many others say their loved ones remain in detention, were
sentenced to prison or transferred to forced labor in factories.
In October 2019, the United States imposed visa restrictions on Chinese
officials "believed to be responsible for, or complicit in" the detention of
Muslims in Xinjiang. It also blacklisted more than two dozen Chinese companies
and agencies linked to abuses in the region --- including surveillance
technology manufacturers and Xinjiang's public security bureau --- effectively
blocking them from buying U.S. products.
China's officially atheist Communist government at first denied the
existence of the internment camps in Xinjiang, but now says they are vocational
training facilities aimed at countering Muslim radicalism and separatist